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Financial Market

Definition: Financial Market refers to a marketplace, where creation and trading of financial assets, such as shares, debentures, bonds, derivatives, currencies, etc. take place. It plays a crucial role in allocating limited resources, in the country’s economy. It acts as an intermediary between the savers and investors by mobilising funds between them.

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Functions of Financial Market

每个月,梦工厂(DreamWorks)的员工都能收到价值25美元的消费券,可在位于格伦代尔和雷德伍德城园区的“梦工厂打印中心”消费。由于只收取原材料费用,该工作室能以低价向员工提供各类服务,例如在贺卡上打印照片、制作个性化日历等。

  • It facilitates mobilisation of savings and puts it to the most productive uses.
  • It helps in determining the price of the securities. The frequent interaction between investors helps in fixing the price of securities, on the basis of their demand and supply in the market.
  • It provides liquidity to tradable assets, by facilitating the exchange, as the investors can readily sell their securities and convert assets into cash.
  • It saves the time, money and efforts of the parties, as they don’t have to waste resources to find probable buyers or sellers of securities. Further, it reduces cost by providing valuable information, regarding the securities traded in the financial market.

The financial market may or may not have a physical location, i.e. the exchange of asset between the parties can also take place over the internet or phone also.

Classification of Financial Market

classification of financiak market

  1. By Nature of Claim
    • Debt Market: The market where fixed claims or debt instruments, such as debentures or bonds are bought and sold between investors.
    • Equity Market: Equity market is a market wherein the investors deal in equity instruments. It is the market for residual claims.
  2. By Maturity of Claim
    • Money Market: The market where monetary assets such as commercial paper, certificate of deposits, treasury bills, etc. which mature within a year, are traded is called money market. It is the market for short-term funds. No such market exist physically; the transactions are performed over a virtual network, i.e. fax, internet or phone.
    • Capital Market: The market where medium and long term financial assets are traded in the capital market. It is divided into two types:
      • Primary Market: A financial market, wherein the company listed on an exchange, for the first time, issues new security or already listed company brings the fresh issue.
      • Secondary Market: Alternately known as the Stock market, a secondary market is an organised marketplace, wherein already issued securities are traded between investors, such as individuals, merchant bankers, stockbrokers and mutual funds.
  3. By Timing of Delivery
    • Cash Market: The market where the transaction between buyers and sellers are settled in real-time.
    • Futures Market: Futures market is one where the delivery or settlement of commodities takes place at a future specified date.
  4. By Organizational Structure
    • Exchange-Traded Market: A financial market, which has a centralised organisation with the standardised procedure.
    • Over-the-Counter Market: An OTC is characterised by a decentralised organisation, having customised procedures.

ICBC’s earnings per share were Rmb0.77, down from Rmb0.78 last year, and a pre-tax dividend per share was Rmb0.2333, down from Rmb0.2554.
Set between the events of Star Wars Episode III and IV, Rogue One will most likely be about bounty hunters who set out to steal the Death Star plans. We're not exactly sure of the plot.
针对那些对比较世界各地的学校有兴趣的学生,《美国新闻与世界报道》近日发布了第四版全球最佳大学年度排行榜。
Countrywide, month-on-month prices rose in 59 out of 70 cities last month – down from 62 – were unchanged in four and fell in eleven. Cities where prices fell from the previous month included Shenzhen (down 0.3 per cent), Hangzhou (down 0.4 per cent) and Xiamen (down 0.2 per cent).

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